It was a unique decision not only in the Hungarian, but in the European legal history, when the Hungarian National Assembly decided about the establishment of the Independent Police Complaints Board (hereinafter: Board).

An independent, civil control of the police exists in almost every members of the European Council. The realization of this control is upon the states decision. There are countries, where this institutional control is realized in an independent Board (e. g. Hungary, Belgium and Ireland), or there are examples where the Ombudsman is liable to serve this independent control over the police (e.g. the Scandinavian countries), or there are states in which this special task is integrated into a special court (e. g. Germany) or to a parliamentary committee.

The demonstrations and riots in the autumn of 2006 and the serious Police abuses and violations of law related to them played a significant role in the fact that the Board did not remain solely a vagrant idea. The Board is consisted of Board Members, whom are elected by the Hungarian National Assembly for six years. The Members are jurists, during their procedures they are not aloud to perform upon anyone’s commands, the base of their procedures are guaranteed by the law.

The act XXXIV of 1994 on the Police (hereinafter: Police Act) gives the most important legal ground of the Board’s work. The basic aim of the Board is to investigate the complaint procedures of the Police in the aspect of the protection of human rights, regardless to the hierarchical conditions.